Ginling Girls Study

Archives and Digital Projects

Missionary Research Library at Burke Library, Union Theological Seminary, Columbia University

The Papers of Matilda Calder Thurston, 1902-1958
Alice Brown Frame Papers, 1905-1971
Missionary Research Library Digitized Pamphlets


Divinity Library, Yale University

John Lawrence Thurston Papers, 1874-1904
United Board for Christian Higher Education in Asia, Ginling College
Diary of Minnie Vautrin

The University of Regina Archives and Special Collections

Florence A. Kirk: Letters from China


Smith College

Ginling College Records


Books and Articles

Bays, Daniel H. “The ‘Golden Age’ of Missions and the “Sino-Foreign Protestant Establishment,” 1902–1927,” in A New History of Christianity in China. Columbia: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011, 92-120.

Boecking, Felix. No Great Wall: Trade, Tariffs, and Nationalism in Republican China, 1927-1945. Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center, 2017.

Dewey, John. The School and Society. The University of Chicago Press, 1915.

Eastman, Lloyd E. “Nationalist China during the Nanking decade 1927-1937,” The Cambridge History of China. Ed. John K. Fairbank and Albert Feuerwerker. 13. Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Fenby Jonathan. Chiang Kai Shek: China’s Generalissimo and the Nation He Lost. Cambridge: Da Capo Press, 2005.

Feng, Jin. Making of a Family Saga: Ginling College. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2009. 

Fowler, Josephine. Japanese and Chinese Immigrant Activists: Organizing in American and international Communist Movements, 1919-1933. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2007.  

Goldston, Robert. The Rise of Red China. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1967. 

Harden, B. Garrick and Chang Chiung-Fang, “Fashion and freedom: a textual analysis of Chinese women from 1911 to 2011. In New Modern Chinese women and gender politics: The Centennial of the End of the Qing Dynasty. Ed. Chen Ya-Chen. Routledge: New York, 2014. 36-50.

Hunter, Jane. “American Identity and Christian Internationalism.” In Competing Kingdoms: Women, Mission, Nation, and the American Protestant Empire, 1812-1960. Eds. Reeves-Ellington et al. Durham: Duke University Press, 2010.

Jordan, Donald. The Northern Expedition: China’s national revolution of 1926-1928. Honolulu: University of Hawaii, 1976.  

Li, Lincoln. Student Nationalism in China, 1924-1949. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994.

McClintock, Anne. “Soft-Soaping Empire: Commodity Racism and Imperial Advertising.” In Imperial Leather. London: Routledge, 1994, 207-31.

North, Robert. Roy’s Mission to China: The Communist-Kuomintang Split of 1927. London: Octagon Books, 1977.  

Peterson, Glen, Ruth Hayhoe, and Yongling Lu. Education, Culture, and Identity in Twentieth-Century China. Ann Arbor, MI: The University of Michigan Press, 2001. 

Reese, William. “American Education in the Twentieth Century: Progressive Legacies.” Paedagogica Historica 39, no. 4, 2003: 415–416. 

Robert, Dana L. American Women in Mission: A Social History of Their Thought and Practice. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 1996.

Schneider, Helen. “Raising the Standards of Family Life: Ginling Women’s College and Christian Social Service in Republican China.” In Divine Domesticities. Eds. Hyaeweol Choi and Margaret Jolly. ANU Press, 2014.

Setran, David. ""From Morality to Character": Conservative Progressivism and the Search for Civic Virtue, 1910-1930." Paedagogica Historica 39, no. 4 (2003): 435-56.

Slack Jr, Edward R. “Nanjing’s Response to Attacks on Opium Policy, 1924-1937.” In Opium, State, and Society : China's Narco-Economy and the Guomindang, 1924-1937. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2011, 86-116.

Tien, Hung-mao. Government and Politics in Kuomintang China 1927-1937. Stanford University Press, 1972. 

Widmer, Ellen and Bays, Daniel H. “The Seven Sisters and China, 1900-1950.” China's Christian Colleges: Cross-Cultural Connections, 1900-1950, 83-101. Stanford University Press, 2009.

Wu, Tien-wei. “A Review of the Wuhan Debacle: The Kuomintang-Communist Split of 1927.” Journal of Asian Studies 29. 1 (Nov., 1969): 125-143.

Wu, Tien-wei, The Chinese Nationalist and Communist Alliance, 1923-1927. College Park: University of Maryland, 1966.  

Zhang, Yu. "Visual and Theatrical Constructs of a Modern Life in the Countryside: James Yen, Xiong Foxi, and the Rural Reconstruction Movement in Ding County (1920s-1930s)." Modern Chinese Literature and Culture 25, no. 1 (2013): 47-95.